The Difference Between Pre-Approval & Pre-Qualification

October 14, 2019 8:04 am

Real estate agents often suggest to buyers that they become “pre-approved”* or “pre-qualified” before beginning the home search process. While these mortgage terms sound similar, they actually carry very different meanings. For a homebuyer, a pre-approval letter is more beneficial to have in the homebuying process than a pre-qualification letter, because it indicates a more serious offer to the seller.

A mortgage pre-qualification is an initial assessment by a lender of a borrower’s ability to qualify for a mortgage loan. When buyers are pre-qualified, the credit report may or may not be pulled, and information about employment, income, assets and liabilities is given to the lender by the borrower. However, none of this information is verified by the lender, which makes it less accurate than a pre-approval. In the case of a pre-qualification, the lender is reliant on the buyer to provide an accurate estimate of these items.

A pre-approval is determined after the lender’s more in-depth analysis of the borrower’s income, expenses, assets, liabilities and credit score. Generally, documentation is provided by the borrower for all of the above items so that the lender can verify all of the information that was provided verbally at the pre-qualification stage. A pre-approval is not a commitment to lend, as only an underwriter can provide that. However, a pre-approval letter lets the seller know that the information provided to the lender has been verified and it appears that the borrower will be approved for the loan.

Once you become serious about purchasing a home, you should consider being pre-approved for a mortgage so that you know how much home you can afford and we can discuss your options. It is important to remember that neither a pre-approval letter nor a pre-qualification letter guarantees you will be approved for your mortgage. However, by applying for a pre-approval, you are one step closer.

When you are ready to purchase a home, I would love to meet with you to go over your finances and credit report and begin your pre-approval. Let’s make your dreams of homeownership a reality!

*May not be applicable in the state of Texas. Please check with your mortgage planner for more details about programs that are available for homebuyers.

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